Shakmaty Bereolos - The Official Chess Site of Peter Bereolos

Games versus GMs

Welcome to my chess page. This is mostly random thoughts and analysis in the form of a chess diary with other sections of the site slowly developing. A lot of the content will come from my own experience. There are two reasons for this. One, so I can use this site as a self-improvement tool. Two, so you the readers will have content that is not found on other chess sites. Follow the link to the left to reach my annotated games against grandmasters. Send me comments and ideas

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Corrections to Basic Chess Endings

2/13/19 - BCE-360b, Spielmann-Capablanca, Moscow 1925

This week completes the trio of positions under BCE-360 featuring games of Rudolph Spielmann. Like last week, it sees Spielmann on the defending side a pawn time, this time against then then-reigning World Champion Jose Capablanca, who was one of the all time great endgame players.

Moscow 1925 is a historically important tournament as it was the first international tournament ever held in the Soviet Union. It featured many of the leading players of the day (8 of the top 10 according to Sonas) with Alekhine being a notable exception as he was already persona non grata in the USSR. The tournament even played a central role in the movie Chess Fever in which Capablanca appears. In the end, it was Efim Bogoljobow who took the top prize with one of the best performances of his career, an impressive 15.5/20 score. This was a full 1.5 points clear of second place Lasker, with Capablanca a further half-point back in 3rd. Spielmann tied for 12th with 9.5/20.

I found this ending quoted in numerous endgame books all starting at or near the same point as BCE. However, to my mind, the lead up to the position is much more interesting and instructive. I didn't locate much contemporary analysis of this game. There is a tournament book by Bogoljobow, but I don't have it in my library. It seems like the original edition should be in the public domain, but I was not able to find a scan of it. However, I did find some reference to his analysis, which I'll quote below.

In a long struggle, the players entered the rook ending after 70...Rxc3

Black is better here since his passed pawn in one square closer to queening, and his king is more active. Still, with correct play White should hold the draw. 71.Ra5? Immediately going wrong, White should begin his counterplay with the h-pawn 71.h5 Rd3 72.Ra6+ Kf5 73.h6 Rxd4 74.h7 Rd2+ 75.Kg1 Rd1+ 76.Kg2 Rd2+ and Black can only repeat moves 71...Ke6? Black should win by penetrating with his king 71...Rc2+ 72.Kf1 Kf5 73.Rxd5+ Ke4 It was surprising to me that Capablanca missed this as the sacrifice to enable the king to penetrate is reminiscent of his famous win over Tartakower in New York the previous year. 72.h5! Rf3 73.Ra6+? Giving Black another chance, White should continue with the pawn push 73.h6

73...Kf7? Again missing the opportunity to activate the king, this time with the sacrifice of the g-pawn. One of the comments on the chessgames web page quotes Bogoljobow's analysis 73...Kf5! 74.h6 Ke4! 75.Rg6 Rf8! 76.Rxg4+ Kd3 77.Rh4 c3 78.g4 c2 79.Rh1 Rb8 80.Rc1 Rh8 81.g5 Rg8!-+ 74.Rd6 Rf5 75.h6 Kg8 76.Rd7 Kh8 A sad location for the black king instead of what could have been a decisive charge. 77.Kg1 c3 78.Rc7 Rf3 79.Kg2 Rd3 80.Kf2 Rf3+ 81.Kg2 Re3 82.Kf2 Rd3 83.Rc5 Kh7 84.Rxd5 Kxh6 85.Rc5 Kg6 86.Ke2 Most sources I found gave this move an exclamation point, but it looks like White still holds with 86.d5 Kf6 87.d6 Ke6 88.Rc4 Kxd6 (88...Rd2+ 89.Ke3) 89.Rxg4 Kc5 (89...Kd5 90.Rg8) Kb4 91.Ke2 Rd2+ 92.Ke3! Kb3 93.g4) 86...Rxg3 87.Kf2 BCE-360b.87...Rh3 88.Kg2 Rd3 89.Kh2 Kf6 90.Kg2 Ke6 91.Kh2 Kd6 92.Kg2 Rd2+ 93.Kg3! c2 94.Kh4! Rg2 95.Kg5 Rg1 96.Rxc2! Kd5 97.Kf4 Kxd4 98.Rd2+ 1/2-1/2

2/11/19 - Serper-Bereolos, 2006 Emory/Castle Grand Prix

I've added my minature loss versus GM Serper in 2006 to the Games versus GMs section. I didn't have any thing to add to my original notes. This was just a painful lesson that you shouldn't try to freestyle the opening against a strong player.

2/6/19 - BCE-360a, Spielmann-Landau, 1936

BCE-360a is quite similar to BCE-360, but with Spielmann on the defending side. This example is from his 1936 match with Salo Landau in Amsterdam. This was the second match between the two players. Spielmann narrowly won their first match in 1933 by a score of 3.5-2.5, but was much more dominant the second time, winning 6-2 with no losses. Landau's wikipedia page indicates a 3rd match, over 7 games also in 1936, at Zandvoort, but I was not able to find any evidence of such a match.

Spielmann won the first two games in the 1936 Amsterdam match, but Landau had some pressure in the rook ending of game 3. Spielmann defended in much the same manner as Leonhardt had done against him 24 years earlier. After 42. fxe3 Black has the better chances as he can penetrate with his rook.

42...Rg7+ 43.Kf3 Rg5 forcing the White rook to a passive position before invading 44.Rh4 Rg1 45.Kf2 Ra1 46.Rg4 Ra2+ another zwischenzug by which Black hopes to gain a tempo by attacking White's e3 pawn after taking on a3 47.Kf1 47.Kf3 Rxa3 48.Rg6? (48.Ke2 holds as in the note to move 48 in the game) 48...d4 49.Rxh6 Rxe3+ 50.Kf2 Kd5 -+ 47...Rxa3 47...Rh2 48.Rg6 Rxh5 49.Ke2 48.Rg6 White should also draw with 48.Ke2 Ra2+ 49.Kd3 Rh2 50.Rg6 Rxh5 51.Rxa6 Rh1 52.Ra8 h5 53.Re8+ but Spielmann goes for counterplay as opposed to a more passive defense 48...Rxe3 49.Rxh6! 49.Kf2? d4!-+ just gives Black a free move 49...Re4 49...d4 is double edged 50.Rh8 (50.Rxa6? d3 51.h6 d2 52.Ra1 Kd4) 50...d3? (Black has a draw with 50...Kd5 51.h6! Kc4 52.h7 Kxb4 53.Ra8 Rh3! 54.h8Q Rxh8! 55.Rxh8! a5 but that is certainly not the way he wants to play here.) 51.Re8+ Kd4 52.Rxe3 Kxe3 53.Ke1 and it is White who wins 50.Rxa6 Rxb4 51.h6 Reaching BCE-360a. The game concluded 51...Rf4+ 52.Ke2 Kd4 53.Rb6 Kc5 54.Rb8 Rh4 55.Rh8! Kd4 56.h7! Rh2+ 57.Kd1! Kd3 58.Kc1! d4 59.Kb1! b4 60.Ka1! Kd2 61.Kb2! d3 62.Kb3! Rh4 63.Ka4! Kd1 64.Rd8! Rxh7 65.Rxd3+! a nice stretch by Spielmann, finding 11 only moves in a row. 65...Kc2 66.Rg3 Rh4 67.Rb3 Rh8 68.Rxb4 1/2-1/2

2/5/19 - Altaye-Husbands, 2018 Batumi Olympiad

I've gone through all the openings on the open games for my Olympiad/Yearbook 128 series, so it is back around to the Sicilian. Lev Gutman completed his two-part series on the Accelerated Dragon that he began in the previous issue. While the main tabiya is quite deep into the opening, it did appear in the game between Girum Teklewold Altaye and Orlando Husbands on board one of the match between Ethiopia and Barbados.

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6 5.c4 Bg7 6.Be3 Nf6 7.Nc3 d6 8.Be2 0-0 9.0-0 Bd7 10.Qd2 Nxd4 11.Bxd4 Bc6 12.Bd3 Four other Olympiad games reached this position, but all continued 12.f3 The text move was introduced by Ken Rogoff against Bent Larson in the 1976 Biel Interzonal. The point of the text is to leave the 3rd rank open for a rook lift Re1-e3-h3 12...Qa5 Gutman's survey focused on the main line 12...a5 but he did look at the text and Larson's 12...a6 among other moves in Part I in Yearbook 127. 13.Rad1

13...Rfe8 The first new move, aimed against White tactics involving Nd5. Previous tries had not been particularly successful (+2 =4 for White). The engines do not reach a consensus on the best move, but all agree that White is slightly better. Komodo likes 13...Nd7, Houdini prefers 13...b6, and Fritz goes for 13...Rfc8 which was the choice of the only GM game from this position, eventually ending in a draw in Grozpeter-Seres, 2009 Hungarian Team Championship 14.b3 The e7 pawn is guarded on the immediate 14.Nd5 while 14.Bxf6 Bxf6 15.Nd5 Qxd2 16.Nxf6+ exf6 17.Rxd2 leaves the e4 pawn undefended 17...Bxe4 14...Nd7 15.Bxg7 Kxg7 16.Bb1 I don't understand this move, which loosens control over b5. Thematic is 16.Rfe1 16...a6 17.f4 b5 18.cxb5 axb5 19.f5?! White is playing for an attack that isn't there. The text seriously weakens e5. 19...Nf6 20.Qb2 Rec8 21.Nd5?! another poor choice. The pawn structure very much favors the Black knight versus the White bishop. 21...Bxd5 22.Rxd5 Qb6+ 23.Kh1 Rc5 24.Rxc5 Qxc5

Black is clearly better. His b-pawn holds back the two White queenside pawns, the White bishop is bad with his pawn not going anywhere on e4, and the e5 square is weak. 25.h3 makes luft, but another dark squared weakness appears on g3. 25...Rc8 26.fxg6?! This may be the losing move allowing the Black queen access to the kingside. It is hard to make suggestions for White, but this pawn exchange served to purpose. 26...hxg6 27.Bd3 Qg5 I probably would prefer 27...b4 fixing the queenside before turning towards the White king 28.e5 dxe5 29.Bxb5 Ne4 30.Re1 Qf4 31.a4 Rd8 32.Qc1 Nf2+ 33.Kg1 Rd2

34.Qxd2 Total desparation, but there is no good answer to the threat of 34...Nxh3+. 34...Qxd2 35.Re2 Nxh3+ 36.gxh3 Qd1+ 37.Kg2 Qd5+ 38.Kh2 Qxb3 39.Rxe5 Qb4 40.Re2 e5 41.Kg2 e4 42.Kg3 f5 43.Kf4 Qc3 44.h4 Kf6 45.Rf2 Qb3 46.Rf1 Qh3 47.a5 Qxh4+ 48.Ke3 Ke5 49.a6 Qg3+ 50.Kd2 Qb3 51.Be2 Qb2+ 52.Ke1 e3 53.Rf3 Qc1+ 54.Bd1 Qd2+ 55.Kf1 Qxd1+ 56.Kg2 Qe2+ 57.Kg3 f4+ 58.Rxf4 Qe1+ 59.Kg4 Qg1+ 0-1

2/1/19 - Bereolos-Colias, 1982 HF Closed Championship

I had one other interesting ending in the 1982 HF Closed Championship in the very first round against Billy Colias. In one of our many battles in the Najdorf Variation, I had the upper hand after 30...Rd8 as the advanced connected passed pawns more than compensate for the piece.

31.e7?! Keeping the attack going with 31.Rd4 is a much cleaner win. A major point being that Black will not be able to exchange rooks with check in variations such as 31...e3 32.e7 Bxe7 33.fxe7 Rxd4 because White can then just promote his pawn with 34.Qh8+ Kc7 35.e8Q) 31...Bxe7 32.Qg4+ 32.Rxd8+ Bxd8 33.f7 Be7 34.f8Q+ Bxf8 35.Qxf8+ Kd7 36.Qxb4 would still maintain winning chances for White 32...Kc7! 33.fxe7 Rxd1+! 34.Qxd1! Qe8 35.Qd8+ 35.Qd4 Qxe7 36.Qa7+ White can pick up the a-pawn, but this is a much worse version of the previous note. White doesn't have a passed pawn and Black has serious counterplay with his e-pawn. 35...Qxd8! 36.exd8Q+ Kxd8! 37.c4

Like in the pawn endings that could have arisen in the Brown game, a superficial look might lead one to think that White is winning by distracting Black with an outside passed pawn on the queenside then invading on the kingside while the Black king is away. However, the fact that there are only h-pawns left on the kingside complicates matters and cold calculation shows that it is a draw. 37...bxc3 An obvious capture, but Black could even hold by allowing White to keep the protected passed pawn. I'll leave it as an exercise to the readers to convince themselves that 37...Kd7 is also a draw 38.Kc2! Ke7 39.Kxc3 Ke6 40.Kd4 Kf5! 41.Ke3! a5 42.h3 Ke5 43.a3 Kd5 44.h4 Ke5 45.h5 Kd5 46.b4 axb4! 47.axb4! Kc4 48.Kxe4 Kxb4! 49.Kf5 Kc5 50.Kg5 Kd6 51.Kh6 Ke7 52.Kxh7 Kf8 The black king has made it back in time to defend. 53.h6 Kf7! 54.Kh8 Kg6 55.h7 Kf7! 1/2-1/2

Lessons from this ending: 1. Be careful when liquidating to an ending if you cannot calculate it to the very end. It may be better to remain in the middlegame. 2. While general principles are useful guides, in pawn endings nothing surpasses calculation. 3. Rook pawns provide special issues in all endings.

1/30/19 - BCE-360, Leonhardt-Spielmann, San Sebastian 1912

The other co-winner at Teplitz Schoenau 1922 was Rudolf Spielmann. Like Reti, he was a top 20 player for a long time (Sonas has him there from September 1908 to September 1935), but like Reti he didn't quite get to the very top, peaking at #6. Also, like Reti, he was the author of a classic book ( The Art of Sacrifice in Chess). However, the comparisons usually end there. In contrast to the hypermodern Reti, Spielmann was a classic attacking player. Further, Spielmann is not a name generally associated with the endgame. We previously saw his misadventures in a simple rook ending against Alekhine at New York 1927. However, Nimzovich pointed out "...during the New York tournament of 1927, he came to the realization the he was not playing rook endings accurately enough; a year later, at Bad Kissingen 1928, he had already become a first-class specialist in such ending!" Fine uses several of Spielmann's games in the BCE section on R+2P vs. R+P with disconnected passed pawns both before and after 1927, so we can partially judge Nimzovich's assessment.

San Sebastian 1912 was one of the strongest tournaments that year. Spielmann and Nimzovich tied for second a half point behind Rubinstein. Spielman could have tied for first if he had squeezed out the win in rook ending in the final round against Paul Leonhardt. After 35...Kxd6

Black has an extra pawn, but there are still technical difficulties to overcome. 36.g5 fxg5 37.hxg5 Kc6 38.Kc2 a5 In the tournament book, Meises gives this move an exclam, noting that Black has nothing after 38...Ra2+ 39.Kb3 Rg2 40.Re1 Rxg5 41.Re6+ Kb7 42.Kb4 With the text, Black takes away the b4 square so ...Ra2+ is now a threat. and after 39.Kb2 b4 Black has opened a route for his king into White's position. However, it appears that White can still hold the draw. 40.cxb4! axb4 41.Rc1+ Rc3 42.Ra1 42.Rxc3+? bxc3+ 43.Kxc3 Kb5! 44.Kb3 g6! and Black has the opposition. 42...Rg3

43.Ra6+? It looks natural to go after Black's g-pawn while defending the pawn on g5. However, White should instead go after the Black d-pawn, leaving Black with more widely split pawns. In the game with b and d-pawns the Black king can guard both of them while moving forward. It looks like White just makes it to a draw after. 43.Rc1+! Kb5 (43...Kd6 44.Rd1! Rxg5 45.Kb3! doesn't promise Black anything.) 44.Rc5+! Ka4 45.Rxd5! Rg2+ 46.Kc1! Kb3 47.Rc5! Rg1+ 48.Kd2 Kb2 49.Rc7 Rxg5 50.Rd7 b3 51.d5! Kb1 52.Rb7 b2 53.d6! Rd5+ 54.Kc3! Kc1 55.Rxb2! 43...Kb5! 44.Rg6 Kc4 45.Rxg7 Rg2+! 46.Kc1

46...Kxd4? This is the starting position for BCE-360. Mieses points out the missed win here with 46...Kc3 but his variation has some errors in it 47.Rc7+ Kxd4 48.Rg7 is back to BCE-360, but with Black to move. Fine also looked at this position and showed the correct method from here 48...Kc3 49.Rc7+ Kd3 (49...Kb3 50.Rg7 d4 51.g6 d3 52.Rg8 d2+ 53.Kd1 Kb2 54.g7 b3 55.Rd8 Rxg7 56.Rxd2+ Kb1 . It is strange that he didn't use this same method in the analysis of 47. Rg8 in the White to move position, instead repeating Mieses error with ...d4.) 50.Rg7 d4? (Black should return with 50...Kc3) 51.g6! Rc2+ 52.Kb1! Rc6 and now 53.Kb2! holds the draw rather than Mieses variations (53.Rb7? Rxg6! or 53.Rg8? Kc3 54.g7 Rc7!!) 47.g6! Kd3 48.Rd7! d4 49.g7 Rg6 50.Kb2 Rg1 51.Kb3 1/2-1/2

1/23/19 - BCE-413c, Treybal-Reti, Teplitz Schoenau 1922

Of course, Reti's contributions to chess were not limited to endgame studies. Reti was also the author of two classic books (Modern Ideas in Chess and Masters of the Chessboard) As a player, Sonas has him entering the top 20 in 1914 and remaining there until his untimely death in 1929. He was one of the leading practioners of the hypermodern school. The Reti Opening is righly named after him after he used it to end Capablanca's 8-year undefeated streak in 1924 (he also defeated Alekhine in the same tournament).

BCE-413c is based on Reti's game as Black against Karl Treybal in the Teplitz Schoenau tournament in 1922. This was a relatively strong tournament, but many of the very top players of the day (Capablanca, Alekhine, Vidmar, Lasker, and Bogoljubow) were absent. The tournament was a success for Reti who tied for first with Spielmann despite losing to two of the tail enders (Mieses and Johner). Reti absolutely dominated against the top finishers scoring 5.5/6 against the top half of the crosstable.

Against Treybal the players reached a rook ending after 29...Kxf8

30.h4 The tournament book suggests 30.Kg1 Rxc2 31.Rxb7 with the following variations a) 31...Rxa2 32.Rd7 Ra4 33.h4 Ke8 34.Rd5 d3 35.Rxd3 Rxh4 36.Ra3 b) 31...Ke8 32.Kf1 Rxa2 33.Rb4 d3 34.Rd4 d2 35.g3 a5 36.Ke2 d1Q+ (36...a4 37.Rxd2 Rxd2+ 38.Kxd2 h4) 37.Kxd1 Rxh2 38.Ra4 Rh3 39.Rxa5 c) 31...d3 32.Rd7 d2 33.Kf1 Rxa2 34.g3 a5 35.Ke2 30...Rxc2 Here, Treybal grabbed the wrong pawn. 31.Rxb7? 31.Rxd4 Rxa2 32.Rd5 b5 33.Rxh5 is the starting position for BCE-413c Besides 33...b4 as in BCE the tournament book also gives the alternative drawing line 33...Kg7 34.Rc5 b4 35.Rc7+ Kf6 36.Rb7 a5 37.Kh2 Kf5 (37...Ra3 38.g4 Ke5 39.g5 Kf5 40.Rb5+ Kg4 41.g6 Rh3+ 42.Kg2 Rg3+ 43.Kf2 Kxh4! 44.Rxa5) 38.Kh3 Ra3+ 39.g3! b3 40.Rb5+ Ke4 41.h5 a4 42.h6 Ra1! 43.Kg2 Ra2+ 44.Kh3 31...d3 32.Rd7 d2 The threat of ...Rc1+ means White also loses the a-pawn. Reti conducts the techincal phase impeccably. 33.Kh2 Rxa2 34.Kg3 Ke8 35.Rd4 a5 36.Kf3 a4 37.Ke2 a3 38.Ra4 Kd7 39.Ra6 Kc7 40.g3 Kb7 41.Ra4 Kc6 42.Ra8 Kb5 43.Ra7 Kb4 44.Rb7+ Kc3 45.Rc7+ Kb3 46.Rb7+ Kc2 47.Rc7+ Kb1 0-1

1/22/19 - Skoberne-Georgiadis, 2018 Batumi Olympiad

Jerorme Bosch is probably best known for his Secrets of Opening Surprises books. His survey in Yearbook 128 shows that he can delve beyond earlier deviations as well. He examines a dynamic variation in the London System where White swaps his b2 pawn for Black's c5 pawn. This line appeared in the 4th round of the Olympiad in the match between Slovenia and Switzerland with Jure Skoberne taking on Nico Georgiadis. 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 d5 3.Bf4 c5 4.e3 Nc6 5.Nbd2 Qb6 6.dxc5 Qxb2

The starting position for the survey. 7.Rb1 Qc3 8.Bb5 e6 9.0-0 Be7 10.Ne5 Bd7 11.Nd3 0-0 12.Bc7 b6 Bosch says this looks scary, but objectively gives White no advantage 13.cxb6 axb6 14.a4 Qa5

The position is equal according to Bosch. The engines agree, but with only two sets of pawns exchanged there is still a board full of pieces, so the position still contains play. 15.c4 Rfc8 15...Rac8 and 15...Qa7 have been tried previously, both unsuccessfully. However, the move in the game doesn't really work out that well as the rook soon returns to f8. 16.Bg3 Qa7 17.Bh4 dxc4 18.Bxf6 Bxf6 19.Nxc4 Rab8 20.Nd6 Rf8 see the note to Black's 15th move 21.Qh5 Be7 22.Nc4 Na5 23.Nce5 Bxb5 24.axb5 Bd6 25.Ra1 Qb7 26.Ra4 Bxe5 27.Nxe5 f6 Instead of weakening the kingside 27...Qd5 angling for a queen trade might be better. 28.Rh4 h6 and it isn't clear how White continues the attack since 29.Rg4 doesn't really threaten Qxh6 because of the loose knight on e5. However, Black can't immediately take advantage of this because 29...f5? (Black should prepare this move with 29...Rb7) 30.Rxg7+ Kxg7 31.Rd1 Qxd1+ 32.Qxd1 leaves Black with the same problems he faced in the game 28.Rh4 h6 28...fxe5 29.Qxh7+ Kf7 30.Rg4 Rg8 31.f4 e4 32.f5 e5 33.f6 29.Ng4 Rf7 30.Rd1 Rc8 30...Kf8 31.Nxh6 gxh6 32.Qxh6+ Ke7 33.Qg6 31.Qg6 Kf8 32.Rxh6

32...Qd5 32...gxh6 33.Nxh6 Rg7 34.Qxf6+ Ke8 35.Qxe6+ Kf8 36.g3 White has 4 pawns and an ongoing attack for the rook. The black knight on a5 is also completely out of play. 33.Qb1 Qxd1+ 34.Qxd1 gxh6 35.h4

While Black managed to get 2 rooks for a queen and pawn, he is objectively lost here as his rooks are terribly uncoordinated, he has a number of weak pawns, his king is exposed, and his knight is poorly placed. Skoberne grinds out the win from here. 35...Kg7 36.e4 Nc4 37.Qc1 Kf8 38.Qxh6+ Ke7 39.Qg6 Ne5 40.Nxe5 fxe5 41.h5 Rh8 42.Qg5+ Kd6 43.Qe3 Rxh5 44.Qxb6+ Ke7 45.Qc7+ Kf6 46.Qd8+ Kg6 47.Qc8 Kf6 48.Qd8+ Kg6 49.Qg8+ Kf6 50.g4 Rg5 51.Qh8+ Kg6 52.Kf1 Rxg4 53.Qg8+ Rg7 54.Qxe6+ Kh7 55.Qxe5 R4g5 56.Qh2+ Kg8 57.Qb8+ Kh7 58.Ke2 Re7 59.Ke3 Rgg7 60.Qh2+ Kg8 61.Qd6 Rd7 62.Qe6+ Kh7 63.b6 Rb7 64.Qc6 Rbe7 65.Qb5 Rb7 66.Qh5+ Kg8 67.Qc5 Kh7 68.Qc6 Rbe7 69.Qd6 Rd7 70.Qh2+ Kg8 71.f4 Rg6 72.Qh3 Rgd6 73.Qg4+ Kh7 74.e5 1-0

1/20/19 - Bereolos-Shabalov, 2018 Kings Island Open

I had a pretty decent result at Kings Island back in November, only losing in the final round to my former Tennessee Tempo teammate Alex Shabalov. I'm not too satisfied with this game. I didn't really set him any difficult problems to solve and although I resisted a long time, I didn't manage to find my way to a draw. These kinds of losses are the ones I need to remove in order to get better.

1/16/19 - BCE-168b

This week's BCE position bears a lot of similarity to last week's. Again, it is a bishop versus pawns study by Reti (this time from 1923) that was cooked by Bondarevsky in 1955 and later repaired by Benko. However, there are a couple of new twists to the tale this time.

Unlike BCE-162, Benko included his correction in the revised BCE as Position 305.

This is Reti's position with all the pieces shifted one file to the right. Now it really is a draw after 1.Kg7! For some reason Benko inverted the starting moves with 1.e5? when Black wins with 1...fxe5! 2.Kg7 e4! 3.h6 e3! 4.h7 e2! 5.h8Q e1Q! and Black will consolidate his extra piece. 1...Bd3 2.e5! fxe5 2...dxe5 3.h6! Ke6 4.Kg8 Bc2 5.Kg7 with a positional draw was Reti's idea since Black can't advance his pawns without blocking the bishop's diagonal. Benko's version also introduces a new theme into the position with 3...Bh7 4.Kxh7 Kf7! 5.Kh8 e4 6.h7 e3 7.g5 fxg5 stalemate 3.h6! d5 The point of shifting the position is now revealed as the cook with Bh8 would now be Bi8, which is not on the board 4.g5! d4 5.g6! Bxg6 6.Kxg6! d3! 7.h7! d2! 8.h8Q! d1Q! 9.Qxe5+ and a draw

Benko didn't stop there, and attempted to further improve the study. While still a draw, this version also has a few flaws.

1.g4 Benko gave 1.Kg7 a question mark because of 1...f5 but White still has a fantastic draw here with 2.exf5! d5 3.h4! d4 4.h5! Bxh5 5.f6! d3 6.g4! Be8 (6...d2 7.gxh5! d1Q 8.f7!) 7.g5! d2 8.g6! d1Q 9.f7! Qd7 10.Kg8 Qe6 11.Kg7! 1...Kd8 1...Kd7 2.Kf8! Bg6 3.Kg7! Bxe4 4.Kxf6! 2.h4! Ke7 3.h5! Bc6 4.e5! fxe5 5.h6! Be4! 6.g5 d5 7.Kg7 d4 8.g6! d3 9.h7! d2! 10.h8Q! Bc2! Benko concluded the study with 10...d1Q? 11.Qh4+! with a draw because Black is losing his bishop. However, the resulting Q+P vs Q+P ending is a win for White thanks to his far advanced g-pawn. Shades of Kasparov vs. The World!

1/15/19 - Bereolos-Brown, 1982 HF Closed Championship

In the 10th round, I lost yet another rook ending, this time to Walter Brown. Note, this is not the 6-time US champion who spelled his last name with an e on the end. Walter mostly stopped playing tournaments in the 1990s, but stilled stayed active in chess as a TD for the CCA. We entered the rook ending after an exchange of knights on c2 42.Rxc2

42...Rc8 Black could try to activate his rook along the f-file with 42...Rf8 when 43.Rf2 can lead to some interesting pawn endings. 43...Rxf2 44.Kxf2! Kc6 45.Ke3 Kc5 46.a3! d5 47.cxd5! Kxd5!

The engine says it is a draw, which goes against all I thought I knew about pawn endings. It seems like White should be able to decoy with the queenside pawns and then win on the kingside. But because of the more active Black king, White is unable to trade off all the queenside pawns, so Black maintains the balance with his b-pawn. A couple of sample lines 48.g4 (48.h4 e4 49.g4 Ke5 50.g5 Kd5 51.a4 Kc5 52.Kxe4 Kb4 53.Ke5 Kxb3 54.Kf6 Kxa4 55.Kg7 b5 56.Kxh7 b4 57.h5 gxh5 58.g6 b3 59.g7 b2 60.g8Q b1Q+) 48...g5 49.Kd3 (White actually loses with 49.h3? e4! 50.a4 Ke5! 51.b4 Kd5 52.a5 Kc4! 53.Kxe4 Kxb4) 49...e4+ 50.Ke3! Ke5 51.a4 Kd5 52.a5! Kc5 53.Kxe4! Kb4! 54.Kf5 Kxb3! 55.Kxg5 Kb4 56.Kh6 Kxa5! 57.Kxh7 b5! 58.g5 b4! 59.g6 b3! 60.g7 b2! 61.g8Q b1Q+! and the queen ending with an h-pawn is drawn.

Instead of trading on f2, Black also has 43...Rf5 44.g4 Rf4 45.Rxf4 exf4

and it seems that there are a couple of ways White can make a drawn, but both just barely. a) 46.h4 Letting Black have a protected passed pawn is losing (46.Kf2? g5! 47.Kf3 Kc6! 48.Ke4 Kc5! 49.a3 b6 50.Kd3 d5!) 46...h6 47.g5! hxg5! 48.hxg5! Ke6 49.Kf2 Kf5 50.b4! Kxg5 51.a4 Kf5 52.a5 d5 (52...Ke6 53.b5! Kd7!

and now White just waits with 54.Kf3 g5! 55.Kg4 as the threat of a6 ties the Black king to the queenside) 53.b5! dxc4 54.a6! bxa6 55.bxa6! c3! 56.a7! c2! 57.a8Q! c1Q! 58.Qd5+! Kg4 59.Qd7+! (59.Qg2+? Kh5 60.Qh3+ Kg5 61.Qg2+ Kf6 and White is out of checks 62.Qh2) b) 46.g5 Ke6 47.Kf2 Kf5 48.h4 Ke4 49.Ke2! f3+ 50.Kf2! b6 51.a4 Kd3 52.Kxf3! Kc3! 53.Ke4 Kxb3! 54.Kd3 and White has horizontal opposition 54...Kb4 55.Kd4! Kxa4 56.Ke4!

After that long digression, lets return to the game 43.Rd2 Rc5 44.Kf2 White could hold up ...b5 with 44.a4 Ke6 but actually has to be a little careful as now the pawn ending after 45.Kf2 d5 46.cxd5+ Rxd5 47.Rxd5? (47.Rc2) 47...Kxd5 48.Ke3 Kc5 49.Ke4 Kb4 is winning for Black! 44...b5 45.cxb5 Rxb5 46.Ke3 Ke6 47.Rb2 Rc5 48.Kd3 It is simpler to get the passed pawns rolling with 48.b4 Rc3+ 49.Kd2 Ra3 50.b5 Kd7 51.Rc2 48...d5 49.Rc2 Again, the passed pawns should be pushed. 49.b4 Rc1 50.b5 Kd7 51.b6 Kc8 52.a4 Ra1 53.Rb5 49...e4+ 50.Kd2 Ra5 50...Rb5 51.Rc8 51.a4 d4 52.Rc6+ Ke5 53.Rc7 h5 54.Re7+ Kf5 55.Rd7 e3+ 56.Ke2 56.Kd3 Re5 56...Ke5? 56...Ke4! 57.Re7+ Re5

57.Re7+? 57.Kd3! Rd5 58.Rc7! puts Black in a lot of trouble. His pawns are immobile While White's can run free. Putting the rook on the c-file cuts off the Black king from the White pawns while the White rook can still help control Black's pawns from c4 or c2 58...Kd6 59.Rc4! (59.Rc2 Rc5!) 57...Kd6 58.Re4 Rd5 59.Kd3 Kc5 60.Re8 Kb4 61.Rb8+ Ka3

62.a5? The e-pawn had to be kept under control with 62.Re8 Kxb3 63.a5 Rxa5 (63...Kb4 64.a6 Rd7 65.a7 Rxa7 66.Kxd4) 64.Kxd4= Ra2 65.Rxe3+ 62...Re5! 63.Ke2 d3+ 64.Ke1 Rc5 65.Kd1 e2+ 65...Kb2 is a more immediate mate 66.Kd2 Re5 0-1

Lessons from this ending: 1. Passed pawns must be pushed. I could have saved myself alot of trouble by getting the queenside pawns rolling. 2. Pawn endings are all about calculation. Relying on intuition can easily lead you astray. 3. Always maximize the utility of your pieces. The dual ideas of cutting off the Black king while simultaneously attacking/controlling the Black pawns with 58. Rc7! perfectly illustrate this theme.

1/13/19 - Naiditsch-Howell, 2018 Batumi Olympiad

The Hungarian theoreticians Peter Lukacs and Laszlo Hazai are long-time collaborators and contributors to the New In Chess Yearbook series. It is very rare to have an edition of the Yearbook without a survey by them in it and Volume 128 was no exception. While their surveys are always worthwhile, their examination of a variation in the anti-Berlin Ruy Lopez didn't fit in very well for my Olympiad series as there were no games played with the specific line they looked at. So for this post I selected a short game in the variation that featured a somewhat similar pawn structure and piece arrangement. This was Board 3 of the match between Azerbaijan and England with Arkady Naidiitsch as White against David Howell.

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.d3 Bc5 5.Bxc6 5.c3 0-0 6.0-0 Re8 7.Nbd2 a6 8.Bxc6 dxc6 9.Nc4 was the survey variation 5...dxc6 6.0-0 Qe7 7.Nbd2 Bg4 8.Nc4 Nd7 9.h3 Bh5 10.Bd2 f6 11.b4

This new move is Komodo's choice. Deep Fritz and Stockfish prefer to prepare it with 11.a3 and 11.Rb1 respectively. None of the engines give White very much here. 11...Bxb4 12.Bxb4 Qxb4 13.Rb1 Qe7 14.Rxb7 Nb6 15.Na5 0-0 16.Nxc6 Qc5 17.Nxa7 Qa3 18.Nc6 Qd6 19.Na7

19...Qa3 19...Na4 with the idea of Qa6 give Black a big edge. White will have to struggle for a draw with 3 pawns for the piece. Instead, Howell decides to repeat moves. Note that 19...Nd7 isn't as good since 20. Nb5 Qa6 21. Rxc7 Qxb5 22. c4 forces the Black queen to abandon defense of Nd7. 20.Nc6 Qd6 21.Na7 Qa3?! ½-½ I wonder if Howell would have played 21...Na4 if it wasn't a team event where sometimes the strategy is to hold with Black and press with White. It didn't work out well here as the Azeris swept the remaining boards to with 3.5:0.5.

1/11/19 - Schwartzman-Bereolos, 1994 US Open

I've posted my game with Gabriel Schwartzman from the penultimate round of the 1994 US Open to the GM games section. I was having a pretty good tournament with 7.5/10, just behind the leaders and was actually paired down in this game as Schwartzman was only at 7/10. I ended up in a pretty passive middle game position and tried to avoid creating further weaknesses. I was rewarded when he allowed me some exchanges that freed my position somewhat, but I almost immediately handed him back the advantage with an ill-timed pawn exchange. A very interesting queen and bishop ending arose, where I think Black may be drawing. However, in the game he kept the pressure on and I eventually blundered and lost.

Schwartzman was a chess prodigy. At the time, it was very rare to be a teenage grandmaster. However, it looks like he stopped playing chess in 2001.

1/9/19 - BCE-162

One of the legendary chess composers is Richard Reti. I would expect most chess players to know his famous king and pawn study by the keymove (1.Kg7) alone. Reti was quite prolific with over 100 endgame studies to his name. Of course, composing that many studies in the pre-computer age means some of them would eventually get cooked. That is the case with BCE-162, which was one of several similar studies published in 1922. This one was cooked by Igor Bondarevsky in 1955. Benko did not include this position in the revised edition of BCE. However, Benko later corrected Reti's study by moving the starting postions of the kings.

1.h4! 1.Kd2? Bc6! 2.h4 Be8 1...Kg2 2.Kd2! 2.Kd3? Kf2 3.b5 Be2+ 2...Kg3 2...Kf2 3.b5 Be2 4.a6 bxa6 5.b6 3.Ke3! Now we are back in the main line of Reti's study. 3...Bg4 4.b5! Kxh4 5.b6! Bc8 6.Kf4 1-0

Thus, the study is saved, but I didn't really like the unnatural starting position of the Black king on h1. It isn't really clear how the king would have ended up there in a game. I fooled around with the position a little and came up with the following alternatve.

I had some versions with a dark squared bishop for White, but I didn't think they were fully satisfactory, so I settled on this one with the rook. 1.Rc5! c1Q 2.Rxc1! Kxc1 3.Ke3! Kd1 3...Bb5 4.h4! Be8 5.Kd4! 4.h4! Ke1 5.Ke4! 5.Kf4? Kd2; 5.Kd4? Kf2 6.Kc5 Kg3 (6...Ke3 7.Kb6 Bf3! 8.b5 (8.h5 Bxh5! 9.Kxb7 Be2 10.a6 Kd4! 11.b5 (11.a7 Kc4) 11...Bxb5! 12.a7 Kc5) 8...Kf4) 7.Kb6 5...Kf2 5...Kd2 6.Kd4! Kc2 7.Kc5! Kd3 8.b5! Ke3 (8...Ke4 9.a6! bxa6 10.b6! and the Black king is blocking the long diagonal) 9.a6! bxa6 10.b6! Bf3 11.h5! and wins 6.Kd4 6.Kf4 also wins, which is a small flaw. I chose the text as the main line since it transposes back to Reti's study. 6...Kg3 7.Ke3! Bg4 8.b5! which is back to Reti's main line 8...Kxh4 9. b6!

1/4/19 - Markoja-Dardha, 2018 Batumi Olympiad

Continuing my Olympiad/Yearbook 128 series, the next survey on the list was by Robert Ris on the Fianchetto Benoni. While the variation examined by Ris was not played in the Olympiad, the game between Boris Markoja of Slovenia and Daniel Dardha of Belgium was an exciting game in another theoretically important line of the Fianchetto Benoni. 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.Nc3 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.g3 g6 7.Bg2 Bg7 8.Nf3 0-0 9.0-0 Re8 10.Bf4

This position is getting a lot of scrutiny these days. The Quality Chess Grandmaster Repertoire series has basically become the main line of theory in recent years. There has been some back and forth in the Fianchetto Benoni. Initially, Boris Avrukh recommended 10.Nd2 for White in Volume 2. Marian Petrov came up with some resources for Black in Volume 12 on the Modern Benoni, so Avrukh changed his recommendation to the bishop move in Volume 1A. 10...Ne4 Ris' survey explored 10...h6 but no one in the Olympiad went for this, but the text is a very important line for the theory of this variation. 11.Nxe4 Rxe4 12.Nd2 Rxf4!?

Black sacrifices the exchange for a pawn, gaining the bishop pair and a strong queenside pawn majority in the process. However, White gets a strong central pawn position. Petrov prefers 12...Rb4 with the idea that after 13.a3 Rxf4 14.gxf4 Bxb2 White has to put his rook on an awkward square. 15.Ra2. Avrukh counters 12...Rb4 with 13.Rb1 which isn't examined by Petrov 13...g5!? 14.Be3 Bf5 15.a3 Rxb2 16.Rxb2 Bxb2 17.Qb3 is the main line from there when the engines favor White, but the two games I found in the database were both drawn. The position definately needs further practical tests. 13.gxf4 Bxb2 14.Rb1 Bg7 15.Nc4 Another crossroads where Petrov considers this position as better for White, whereas Avrukh prefers 15.e4 15...b6 Both Leko and Bologan played the immediate 15...Na6 here. That may be more flexible as Black might sometimes be able to play ...b5 in one go. 16.a4 16.Qa4 is more popular here, but there haven't been many games. 16...Na6 17.e4 The first new move. Prohaszka-Paschell, Budapest 2009 saw the players duck the fight after 17.Re1 Nb4 18.e4 Ba6 19.Qb3 ½-½ 17...Nb4 18.e5 Ba6!? Sharpening the play. An alternative would be to precede this with 18...dxe5 19.Nxd6 Bxf1 20.Kxf1 Qh4

21.Qf3 21.Nxf7!? is an interesting sacrifice to get the central pawns rolling 21...Kxf7 22.e6+ Kg8 23.d6 looks scary for Black. 21...Rd8 22.Rd1 Rxd6 22...Bh6 feels more consistent. 23.exd6 Qd8 24.Re1 Bf6 25.Qe4 Qxd6

Again, time to take stock after an exchange sac. Black still has a pawn, but now he lacks the bishop pair and his queenside pawns aren't very mobile. The knight also seems a bit stranded on b4. On the plus side, the White pawns are very weak and Black's pawn structure is relatively solid. Overall, White should have the edge, but is it enough to win? 26.h3 Kg7 27.f5 a6 28.fxg6 hxg6 29.h4 Qh2 30.Re3 b5 grabbing the h-pawn looks too dangerous as it lets the d-pawn run free 30...Qxh4 31.Qxh4 Bxh4 32.d6 31.axb5 axb5 32.Qe8 Nc2 The cold-blooded engine says Black should grab the pawn now 32...Qxh4 33.d6 (33.Rh3 Qc4+ 34.Kg1 Qc1+) 33...Qd4 with equality 33.Rg3 Bxh4 34.Rf3 Qc7 35.d6 Qa7 36.Qe5+ f6 37.Qe7+ Qxe7 38.dxe7 Kf7

39.Rc3 39.Rh3! provokes 39...g5 which fatally weakens the e8-h5 diagonal 40.Rc3 Nb4 41.Re3 Ke8 42.Bf3 and White wins 39...Nb4 40.Rxc5 Kxe7 41.Be4 f5 42.Rxb5 Na6 Black has an immediate draw with 42...fxe4 43.Rxb4= 43.Rb7+ Kf6 44.Rb6+ Kg5 45.Bxf5 Black should also hold the draw after 45.Bc6 Nc5 46.Be8 Nd3 47.Rxg6+ Kf4 45...Kxf5 46.Rxa6

46...g5? Dvoretsky opens his section on Rook and Pawn vs. Bishop and Pawn with a blue section (those are the most important ones) that begins One should not protect the pawn by placing it on a square of the bishop's color. Almost all of these postions are lost. The current game is no exception. Instead, Black should set up a barrier with 46...Bf6 when his fortress cannot be taken 47.Rh6 Kf4 48.Kg2 Kg4 49.Rh8 Kf4 50.Rf8+ Kg4 51.f3+ Kh5 52.Re8 Kg6 53.Kh3 Bf2 54.Kg4 Bc5 55.Re5 Bd4 56.Rxg5+ Kf6 57.Rb5 Be3 58.f4 Kg6 59.Kf3 1-0

1/2/19 - BCE-129, Anderssen-Steinitz 1866

Happy New Year! Looking at my backlog of BCE corrections, I should be able to keep posting a postion each Wednesday well into 2019, including many triple plays of back-to-back-to-back posts with a common theme. This week I'll complete the troika of positions featuring the first World Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz. Today's example comes from his 1866 match with Adolf Anderssen.

There is some debate if this was a world championship match. Fine calls it such, but the general consenus seems to be that the title did not come into being until 20 years later when Steinitz beat Zukertort. However, these were 2 of the top players of the day. In August 1866 when the match finished, Sonas has Steinitz as #2 and Anderssen as #4. The difficulty in rating players from that era, is that there weren't many international competitions. The rest of Sonas' list consists of players I have never heard of: #1 Berthold Suhle, #3 Cecil de Vere, #5 Hans von Minckwitz, #6 Philipp Hirschfeld and #7 Gustavus Reichhelm. Maybe I'll look into the games of these players at some time in the future. I did find that Shule drubbed Hirschfeld +7 -0 =2 in an 1865 match, which may account for his top rated position.

The Anderssen-Steinitz match was a crazy match by the standards of any era. After a game one loss, Steinitz came back with 4 straight wins. Undaunted, Anderssen hit back with 4 consecutive wins of his own. Then, Steinitz took back over winning 4 of the last 5 to take the match 8-6 with no draws!!

The BCE position comes from the 3rd game. After 40. Nb5 Steinitz launched a combination that led to a pawn up knight ending.

40...Re6 41.Qxg6+ Rxg6 42.Nxa7 Rxg2+ 43.Kh1 Rxh2+ 44.Kxh2 Nf3+ 45.Kg2 Nxe1+

46.Kf1! Nd3 Since Fine's defense relied on playing f3, I thought 46...Nf3!? was an interesting try to prevent that, but White is just in time with 47.Kg2 (47.Nc6 Kg6! 48.Kg2 Nh4+ 49.Kf1 Kf5 50.Ke2 Ke4) 47...Nh4+ 48.Kf1 f3 49.Ke1 Kg6 50.Kd2 Ng2 51.Kd3 Kg5 (51...Kf5 52.Nb5) 52.Nc6 Kh4 53.Nd4 Kxh3 54.Nxf3! and holds 47.Nc6 Kg6 48.Ke2 Nc5 49.Kf3 reaching the starting point of BCE-129.

Incredibly, Fine had to defend this very ending a few years after the publication of BCE in his match with Miguel Najdorf in 1949. I hadn't previously known about this match between two of the top players in the Americas at the time. Fine won the first two games of the eight game match, but Najdorf won the next two and the final four were drawn. The third game was the only one in which Fine opened with 1. e4, but Najdorf did not try for his namesake variation and answered 1...e5. The knight ending was reached after 44. Kxe2

There are numerous conflicting stories about possible side wagers between the players on the outcome of this endgame. Don Miguel was a great storyteller, but there is probably truth somewhere in all the stories.44...Kf6 45.Nd6 Ke6 My database gave this move as 45...Ke5, which simply drops the f7 pawn. I checked some other databases online and they also had 45...Ke5. Finally, I found a printed game score in the February 1949 issue of the Swedish magazine Tidskrift för Schack which has the move 45...Ke6. I assume the move was incorrectly keyed into a database originally and the error has been copied ever since. I don't really know how to correct something like that. 46.Nc4+ Kd5 47.Nb2 Kd4 48.Nd3 f5 49.Nb4 Nf4+ 50.Kd2! 50.Kf2? Nd3+ is a winning pawn ending for Black 50...Ne6 51.Nc6+ Kd5 52.Ne7+! White's knight gets on a bad track after 52.Nb4+? Kc4! 53.Nc2 f4! now the knight can't go too far afield because of ...Nd4 so the White king eventually has to give ground 54.Ne1 (54.Na3+ Kb3 55.Nb5 (55.Nc2 Ng5 56.Ne1 Kc4! 57.Ke2 Ne6! 58.Kd2 g5 59.Kc2 h5 60.Kd2 Nd4 61.h3 (61.Kd1 Kc3) 61...h4 62.Kd1 Kc3 63.Kc1 Ne2+ 64.Kd1 Ng1) 55...Kb4) 54...g5 55.Kc2 52...Ke5 53.Ke3 Kf6 54.Nd5+ Kg5 55.Kf2 Kh4 56.Kg2 g6 57.Ne7 Kg5 58.Kg3 f4+ 59.Kf2 Nd4 60.Nd5 Nc6 61.Nc3 Kh4 62.Kg2 Ne7 63.Ne4 Nf5 64.h3?

Ironically, establishing the pawn formation he recommended for Anderssen turns out to be the losing move. Numerous annotators have pointed out that 64.Nf2 would allow White to hold the draw The Tidskrift för Schack version of the wager story is that Fine offered a draw here, which Najdorf countered with an offer of a $200 bet that was met with silence. 64...Ne3+! Heading for e1, this move gains a crucial tempo versus the other route 64...Nd4? 65.Nf2 Nc2 66.Nd3! and White holds 65.Kh2 Nc2 66.Kg2 Ne1+ 67.Kf2 Kxh3 68.Kxe1 Kg2! 69.Ke2 Edward Lasker's suggested 69.Nd6 sets the trap 69...Kxf3? (Black wins similar to the game by rolling the h-pawn 69...h5) 70.Nf7 h5 (70...g5 71.Nxh6 Kg3 72.Nf7 g4 73.Ne5 f3 74.Nxg4) 71.Ne5+ Kg2 72.Nxg6 f3 73.Nh4+ Kg3 74.Nxf3 Kxf3 75.Kf1 = 69...h5 70.Ng5 h4! 71.Ne6 g5 0-1 Black wins the pawn ending after 72.Nxg5 h3 73.Nxh3 Kxh3 74.Kd3 Kg2! 74...Kg3?? 75.Ke4 +- 75.Ke2 Kg3-+

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